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Chichewa

Zododometsa Za Anthu: Chifukwa, Liti & Motani

Wolemba koyambirira kwa Ariadne Labs pa Marichi 13, 2020 pansi pa mutu wakuti "Kutalikirana Kwachikhalidwe: Lero si tsiku la chipale chofewa" | Kusinthidwa Marichi 14, 2020

Nkhani iyi idalembedwa ndi munthu waku US ndipo mwakutero, ili ndi zidziwitso ndi zochokera ku US Koma zambiri zomwe zalembedwera zikuyeneranso dziko lililonse komanso chikhalidwe padziko lapansi

Wolemba Asaf Bitton, MD, MPH

Ndikudziwa kuti pali chisokonezo chotsatira choti chichitenso pakati pa nthawi yomweyi yomwe inali yovuta kwambiri, kutsekedwa kwa sukulu, komanso chisokonezo pagulu. Monga dokotala wa chisamaliro chachikulu komanso mtsogoleri wazachipatala, ndafunsidwa ndi anthu ambiri kuti amve malingaliro anga, ndipo ndiziwunikira pansipa podziwa zambiri zomwe zingandipeze lero. Awa ndi malingaliro anga, ndipo ndimatenga njira zofunika patsogolo.

Chomwe ndinganene momvekera ndichakuti zomwe timachita, kapena osachita, sabata yamawa zikhala ndi gawo lalikulu pakawonedwe kazinthu zam'dziko. Tangotsala masiku 11 kumbuyo ku Italy ( deta ya US ) ndipo nthawi zambiri tikufuna kubwereza zomwe zikuchitika mwatsoka ku Europe posachedwa.

Pakadali pano, kupezeka pakukhudzana ndi kulumikizana ndi kuyesedwa ndi gawo limodzi la njira zofunikira. Tiyenera kusamukira ku mliri wa mliliwu pofalikira, mopanda nkhawa, komanso potengera chikhalidwe chathu . Izi zikutanthauza kuti osati kungotseka sukulu, kugwira ntchito (momwe zingathere), kusonkhana kwamagulu, ndi zochitika zapagulu, komanso kupanga zosankha za tsiku ndi tsiku kuti musakhale kutali ndi anzanu momwe mungathere ku Flatten The Curve pansipa.

Source: https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2020/3/6/21161234/coronavirus-covid-19-science-outbreak-end-endemic-vaccine

Source: vox.com

Zaumoyo wathu sizingafanane ndi kuchuluka kwa anthu omwe akufunika thandizo pa chipani cha moyo wathu ngati sitikhala olimba kwambiri komanso osayanjanitsana kuyambira pano. Patsiku lililonse, tili ndi mabedi pafupifupi 45,000 ogwira ntchito ku ICU mdziko lonse, omwe atha kulumikizidwa pamavuto mpaka pafupifupi 95,000 ( deta ya US ). Ngakhale maganizidwe apakati amati ngati njira zamatenda zomwe zilipo, mphamvu zathu (zakomweko ndi dziko lathu lonse) zitha kufooketsedwa chakumapeto kwa Epulo. Chifukwa chake, njira zokhazo zomwe zingatilepheretse izi zokhudzana ndi zovuta ndi zomwe zimatipangitsa kuti titha kugwirira ntchito limodzi ngati gulu kuteteza thanzi lathu potalikilana.

Nzeru, ndi kufunikira, kwamtundu wankhanza kwambiri, koyambilira, komanso kwakanthawi kocheperako kakhoza kupezeka pano . Ndikukulimbikitsani kuti muthe mphindi kuti mudutse pazithunzi zomwe zingalumikizane - zimayendetsa bwino zomwe tikuyenera kuchita tsopano kuti tipewe zovuta zina pambuyo pake. Maphunziro a mbiri yakale ndi zokumana nazo zamayiko padziko lonse lapansi zatiwonetsa kuti kuchitapo kanthu izi zisanachitike zitha kukhala ndi chiyambukiro chachikulu pakukulaku. Ndiye kodi njira yolimbikitsayi yokhala malo ochezera amtunduwu imatanthauzanji tsiku ndi tsiku, masukulu atasiya?

Nazi njira zina zomwe mungayambire tsopano kuti banja lanu litetezeke ndikuchita mbali yanu popewa mavuto omwe akuipiraipira:

1. Tiyenera kukakamiza atsogoleri athu, boma, ndi mayiko kuti atseke Sukulu ZONSE ndi malo opezeka anthu onse ndikuchotsa zochitika zonse ndi misonkhano tsopano .

Mtawuni, tawuni pompata mtawuni sikhala ndi vuto lofunikira. Tikufuna njira yodutsidwa m'dziko lonse lapansi m'nthawi yovutayi. Lumikizanani ndi woyimira wanu ndi kazembe wanu kuti muwalimbikitse kuti atheseketsa kuboma lonse. Monga lero, maboma asanu ndi limodzi achita kale izi. Boma lanu liyenera kukhala m'modzi wa iwo. Alimbikitseni atsogoleri kuti kuwonjezera ndalama zothandizira kukonzekera mwadzidzidzi ndikupanga mwayi wofukula njira zoyeserera za coronavirus kuti ikhale patsogolo komanso patsogolo. Tifunikiranso opanga malamulo kuti azikhazikitsa tchuthi chindalama zomwe amalandila odwala komanso phindu la ulova kuti athandize kulimbikitsa anthu kuti ayimbe kunyumba kuti azikhala panyumba pompano.

2. Palibe ana amasewera, maphwando, ogona, kapena mabanja / abwenzi omwe amayendera nyumba ndi nyumba.

Izi zimamveka kwambiri chifukwa zilipo. Tikuyesera kupanga mtunda pakati pa mabanja ndi pakati pa anthu. Zitha kukhala zovutirapo makamaka kwa mabanja omwe ali ndi ana aang'ono, ana omwe ali ndi luso losiyanitsa kapena zovuta, komanso kwa ana omwe amangokonda kusewera ndi anzawo. Koma ngakhale mutangosankha bwenzi limodzi lokha kukhala nalo, mukupanga maulalo atsopano ndi mwayi wamtundu wamtunduwu zomwe timatsekera tonse pasukulu / pantchito / pagulu tikuyesetsa kupewa. Zizindikiro za coronavirus zimatenga masiku anayi kapena asanu kuti ziwonetsere. Wina yemwe amabwera ndikuwoneka bwino atha kufalitsa kachilomboka. Kugawana chakudya kumakhala kowopsa makamaka - sindikuvomereza kuti anthu azichita izi kunja kwa mabanja awo.

Tayamba kale kuchitapo kanthu pofuna kuthana ndi nthenda yayikuluyi - tisasinthe mwachangu zoyesayesa zathu polumikizana ndi anthu kunyumba za anthu m'malo mwa masukulu kapena m'malo antchito. Apanso - nzeru yakuyamba patali komanso mwamakani ndiyakuti imatha kuluka pamapindikira, imapatsa thanzi thanzi lathu kuti lisapanikizike, ndipo pambuyo pake lingachepetse kutalika ndi kufunikira kwakutali kwa magwiridwe anthawi yayitali (onani zomwe zakhala ndi zachitika ku Italy ndi Wuhan). Tiyenera tonse kuchita gawo lathu nthawi izi, ngakhale zitakhala zovuta kwakanthawi.

3. Dzisamalire nokha ndi banja lanu, koma khalani malo ochezera.

Chitani masewera olimbitsa thupi, muziyenda pansi / kuthamangitsa panja, ndipo khalani wolumikizidwa pafoni, kanema, ndi makanema ena ochezera. Koma mukapita kunja, yesetsani kukhala osatalikirana pakati pa inu ndi anthu omwe siabanja lanu. Ngati muli ndi ana, yesetsani kuti musagwiritse ntchito malo opezeka anthu ambiri monga malo owerengera, chifukwa coronavirus imatha kukhala pulasitiki ndi zitsulo kwa masiku asanu ndi anayi, ndipo izi sizikutsukidwa nthawi zonse.

Kupita kunja kukakhala kofunikira nthawi zino zachilendo, ndipo nyengo ikusintha. Pitani kunja tsiku lililonse ngati mungathe, koma khalani kutali ndi anthu omwe si abale anu kapenaomwe mumagona nawo. Ngati muli ndi ana, yesani kusewera nawo mpira wam'banja m'malo motengera ana anu kusewera ndi ana ena, chifukwa masewera nthawi zambiri amatanthauza kulumikizana mwachindunji ndi ena. Ngakhale tingafune kukayendera akulu mderalo, sindingakayendere nyumba zosungirako okalamba kapena madera ena kumene okhalamo ambiri amakhala, popeza ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu cha zovuta ndi kufa kwa coronavirus.

Kuyanjana pamagulu kumatha kubweretsa mavuto (pambuyo pa zonse, ambiri a ife ndife zolengedwa). CDC imapereka malangizo ndi zothandizira kuti achepetse izi, ndipo zinthu zina zimapereka njira zothanirana ndi kupsinjika kowonjezeredwa panthawiyi.

Tiyenera kupeza njira zina zochepetsera kudzipatula pagulu lathu kudzera munjira zochezera m'malo mwa kucheza ndi anthu.

4. Chepetsani kuchuluka kopita kumisika, malo odyera komanso malo ogulitsa khofi nthawi yomwe ilipo.

Inde, kupita ku malo ogulitsira kumakhala kofunikira, koma yesani kuwalepheretsa ndikumapita nthawi zikavuta. Ganizirani pofunsa magolosale kuti azikola anthu pakhomo kuti achepetse kuchuluka kwa anthu omwe ali m'sitolo nthawi iliyonse. Kumbukirani kusamba m'manja monse musanayambe ndi pambuyo paulendo wanu. Ndipo siyani masks azachipatala ndi magolovesi kwa akatswiri azachipatala - timawafunikira kuti asamalire odwala. Sungani kutali ndi ena mukamagula - ndipo muzikumbukira kuti kuthandizila kumabweretsa mavuto ena chifukwa chake kugula zinthu zomwe mukufuna ndikusiyirani wina aliyense. Zakudya zokhazokha ndi chakudya ndizofunikira kwambiri kuposa kupanga chakudya kunyumba chifukwa chogwirizana ndi anthu omwe amaphika chakudya, kunyamula chakudya, ndi inu. Ndikosavuta kudziwa kuchuluka kwa ngozizi, koma ndiyokwera kuposa kuyipangitsa kuti ikhale kunyumba. Koma mutha kupitilizabe kuthandizira mabizinesi ang'onoang'ono am'deralo (makamaka odyera ndi ogulitsa ena) munthawi yovutayi pogula ziphaso za mphatso pa intaneti zomwe mungagwiritse ntchito pambuyo pake.

5. Ngati mukudwala, dzilekanitseni, khalani kunyumba, ndipo lumikizanani ndi akatswiri azachipatala.

Ngati mukudwala, muyenera kuyesa kudzipatula kwa banja lanu lonse lomwe mungakhale. Ngati muli ndi mafunso okhudzana ndi mayeso ngati mungakwaniritse mayeso a coronavirus, mutha kuyimbira gulu lanu la chisamaliro choyambirira ndipo / kapena lingalirani kuyimbira a Massachusetts department of Public Health pa 617.983.6800 (kapena dipatimenti yachipatala ya boma lanu ngati muli kunja kwa Massachusetts ). Osangolowera kuchipatala chofikira - oyimbira foni poyamba kuti akupatseni malangizo abwino - omwe angakhale akupita kumalo oyeserera kapena kukawona pavidiyo kapena pafoni. Zachidziwikire, ngati ndi foni yadzidzidzi 911.

Ndikudziwa kuti pali zambiri zomwe zapangidwa m'malingaliro awa, ndikuti zikuyimiradi nkhawa kwa anthu ambiri, mabanja, mabizinesi, ndi madera. Kulumikizana pakati pa anthu kumakhala kovuta ndipo kungasokoneze anthu ambiri, makamaka omwe akukumana ndi zowopsa mdera lathu. Ndizindikira kuti pali kuyanjana kwamalingaliro ndi chikhalidwe komwe kumapangidwa ndikuzungulira malingaliro othandizira anthu. Titha ndipo tiyenera kuchita zinthu zothandiza kulimbikitsa anthu ammadera athu omwe akukumana ndi vuto la chakudya, ziwopsezo zapakhomo, ndi zovuta zapanyumba, limodzi ndi zovuta zina zambiri.

Ndimazindikiranso kuti si aliyense amene angachite chilichonse. Koma tiyenera kuyesetsa mwamphamvu monga gulu, kuyambira lero. Kupititsa patsogolo kulumikizana, ngakhale tsiku limodzi, kumatha kusintha kwambiri .

Tili ndi mwayi wokonzekera kupulumutsa miyoyo kudzera pazomwe timachita pakadali pano zomwe sitikhala nawo milungu ingapo. Ndikofunikira paumoyo wa anthu onse. Ndi udindo wathu monga anthu ammudzi kuchitapo kanthu posankha zochita ndipo zochita zathu zitha kukhala ndi zotsatira zabwino.

Sitingadikire.

Asaf Bitton, MD, MPH, ndiye wamkulu wa Ariadne Labs ku Boston, MA.

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