🌐
Kinyarwanda

Gutandukanya Imibereho: Impamvu, Igihe & Nigute

Umwimerere washyizwe ahagaragara na Ariadne Labs ku ya 13 Werurwe 2020 ku mutwe "Gutandukanya Imibereho: Uyu ntabwo ari umunsi w’urubura" | Yavuguruwe ku ya 14 Werurwe 2020

Iyi ngingo yanditswe numunyamerika kandi muribi, ikubiyemo amakuru hamwe n’ibivugwa muri Amerika Ariko ibyinshi mu bikubiyemo nabyo bizahuza igihugu n’umuco uwo ariwo wose ku isi.

Na Asaf Bitton, MD, MPH

Ndabizi ko hari urujijo kubyo gukora ubutaha hagati yiki gihe kitigeze kibaho cyicyorezo, gufunga amashuri, no guhungabana kwabaturage. Nkumuganga wibanze nubuyobozi bwubuzima rusange, nasabwe nabantu benshi kubitekerezo byanjye, kandi nzabitanga hepfo nkurikije amakuru meza mbona uyu munsi. Ibi nibitekerezo byanjye bwite, kandi mfata ingamba zikenewe imbere.

Icyo navuga neza nuko ibyo dukora, cyangwa tutabikora, mucyumweru gitaha bizagira ingaruka zikomeye kuri trayektori ya coronavirus yaho ndetse wenda nigihugu. Turi inyuma yiminsi 11 gusa inyuma yUbutaliyani ( amakuru yo muri Amerika ) kandi muri rusange turi munzira yo gusubiramo ibibabaje bibera hariya ndetse no mubindi bihugu byinshi byuburayi vuba aha.

Kuri iyi ngingo, kubuza binyuze mu gushakisha amakuru no kongera ibizamini ni igice cyingamba zikenewe. Tugomba kwimukira mu kugabanya icyorezo cyanduye binyuze mu buryo bwagutse, butorohewe, kandi bwuzuye mu mibereho . Ibyo ntibisobanura guhagarika amashuri gusa, akazi (bishoboka cyane), guterana mumatsinda, hamwe nibikorwa rusange, ariko kandi ugahitamo buri munsi kugirango utandukane hagati yabo bishoboka kugirango Flatten The Curve hepfo.

Inkomoko: https://www.vox.com/ubuhanga-n'ubuzima/2020/3/6/21161234/coronavirus-covid-19-ubuhanga-biturika-bitera-ndemic-vaccine

Inkomoko: vox.com

Sisitemu yubuzima yacu ntizashobora guhangana numubare uteganijwe wabantu bazakenera kwitabwaho cyane tudakeneye ubutwari nubushake bwo gutandukana hagati yacu guhera ubu. Ku munsi usanzwe, dufite ibitanda bya ICU bigera ku 45.000 mu gihugu hose, bishobora kwiyongera mugihe cyibibazo bigera ku 95.000 ( amakuru yo muri Amerika ). Ndetse n'ibiteganijwe mu buryo bushyize mu gaciro byerekana ko niba inzira zanduye zigezweho, ubushobozi bwacu (mu gihugu ndetse no mu gihugu) bushobora kurengerwa nko hagati ya Mata. Rero, ingamba zonyine zishobora kudukuraho ibi bijyanye na trayectory nizo zidushoboza gukorera hamwe nkumuryango kubungabunga ubuzima rusange mugutandukana.

Ubwenge, nibikenewe, byubu buryo bukaze, kare, kandi bukabije bwo gutandukanya imibereho murashobora kubisanga hano . Ndabasaba gufata umunota wo kunyura mubishushanyo mbonera - bazatwara urugo ingingo kubyo tugomba gukora ubu kugirango twirinde ikibazo gikomeye nyuma. Amasomo yamateka nubunararibonye bwibihugu kwisi yose byatweretse ko gufata ibyo bikorwa hakiri kare bishobora kugira ingaruka zikomeye kubunini bwicyorezo. None ubu buryo bwo kuzamura intera mbonezamubano busobanura iki buri munsi, mugihe amashuri yahagaritswe?

Hano hari intambwe ushobora gutangira gufata nonaha kugirango umuryango wawe urinde umutekano kandi ukore uruhare rwawe kugirango wirinde ikibazo gikomeye:

1. Tugomba kwitarura z'ibanze yacu, Leta, abayobozi y'igihugu gufunga mashuri yose Imyanya Leta gusesa ibintu byose no gutaramana Leta ubu.

Umudugudu, umujyi kubisubizo byumujyi ntibizagira ingaruka zihagije zikenewe. Dukeneye inzira ya leta, mugihugu cyose muri ibi bihe bigoye. Menyesha uhagarariye hamwe na guverineri wawe kugirango ubashishikarize gufunga igihugu cyose. Kuva uyu munsi, leta esheshatu zimaze kubikora. Leta yawe igomba kuba imwe murimwe. Saba kandi abayobozi kongera amafaranga yo kwitegura byihutirwa no kwagura ubushobozi bwo gupima coronavirus byihuse kandi byihutirwa. Dukeneye kandi abadepite gushyiraho ikiruhuko cy’uburwayi bahembwa neza n’amafaranga y’ubushomeri kugira ngo dufashe abantu guterefona neza kugira ngo bagume mu rugo muri iki gihe.

2. Ntamwana ukinira, ibirori, ibitotsi, cyangwa imiryango / inshuti zisura amazu hamwe nuburaro.

Ibi byumvikana cyane kuko aribyo. Turimo kugerageza gukora intera hagati yimiryango no hagati yabantu. Birashobora kutoroha cyane kumiryango ifite abana bato, abana bafite ubushobozi butandukanye cyangwa ibibazo, ndetse nabana bakunda gukina ninshuti zabo. Ariko niyo wahitamo inshuti imwe gusa kugirango urangire, urimo gukora amahuza mashya nibishoboka muburyo bwo kwanduza ibyo ishuri ryacu / akazi / ibikorwa rusange byo gufunga bigerageza gukumira. Ibimenyetso bya coronavirus bifata iminsi ine cyangwa itanu kugirango bigaragare. Umuntu uza kureba neza arashobora kwanduza virusi. Kugabana ibiryo ni bibi cyane - Ntabwo rwose nsaba ko abantu babikora hanze yumuryango wabo.

Tumaze gufata ingamba zikabije z’imibereho kugira ngo dukemure iyi ndwara ikomeye - reka ntitugafatanye imbaraga mu kugira imikoranire myiza mu ngo z’abantu aho kuba ku ishuri cyangwa ku kazi. Na none - ubwenge bwo gutandukanya imibereho hakiri kare kandi bikaze ni uko bushobora gutobora umurongo hejuru, guha sisitemu yubuzima amahirwe yo kutarengerwa, kandi amaherezo birashobora kugabanya uburebure no gukenera igihe kirekire cyo gutandukana kwabaturage nyuma (reba icyari gifite yahinduwe mu Butaliyani na Wuhan). Tugomba twese gukora uruhare rwacu muri ibi bihe, kabone niyo byaba bisobanura kutoroherwa mugihe gito.

3. Witondere wowe n'umuryango wawe, ariko ukomeze intera.

Imyitozo ngororamubiri, fata urugendo / wiruka hanze, kandi ugume uhuze ukoresheje terefone, videwo, nizindi mbuga nkoranyambaga. Ariko iyo ugiye hanze, kora uko ushoboye kugirango ugumane byibuze metero esheshatu hagati yawe nabatari abo mumuryango. Niba ufite abana, gerageza kudakoresha ibikoresho rusange nkimikino yo gukiniraho, kuko coronavirus ishobora kubaho kuri plastiki nicyuma mugihe cyiminsi icyenda, kandi izi nyubako ntizisukurwa buri gihe.

Kujya hanze bizaba ingenzi muri ibi bihe bidasanzwe, kandi ikirere kimeze neza. Jya hanze buri munsi niba ubishoboye, ariko guma mumubiri kure yabantu hanze yumuryango wawe cyangwa abo mubana. Niba ufite abana, gerageza ukine umukino wumupira wamaguru mumuryango aho kugirango abana bawe bakine nabandi bana, kubera ko siporo akenshi bisobanura guhuza umubiri nabandi. Nubwo dushobora kwifuza gusura abasaza aho dutuye imbona nkubone, ntabwo nasura amazu yita ku bageze mu za bukuru cyangwa ahandi hantu umubare munini w’abasaza baba, kuko bafite ibyago byinshi byo guhura n’impfu n’impfu ziterwa na coronavirus.

Gutandukanya imibereho birashobora gufata intera (erega, benshi muritwe turi ibiremwa mbonezamubano). CDC itanga inama nubushobozi bwo kugabanya uyu mutwaro, nubundi buryo butanga ingamba zo guhangana nihungabana ryiyongereye muriki gihe.

Tugomba gushaka ubundi buryo bwo kugabanya ubwigunge mu baturage bacu binyuze muburyo busanzwe aho gusurwa kumuntu.

4. Mugabanye inshuro zo kujya mububiko, muri resitora, no mu iduka rya kawa kugeza ubu.

Nibyo, ingendo zijya guhaha zizaba nkenerwa, ariko gerageza kubigabanya no kugenda mugihe zidahuze. Tekereza gusaba amaduka y'ibiribwa gutonda umurongo abantu kumuryango kugirango ugabanye umubare wabantu bari mumaduka icyarimwe. Wibuke gukaraba intoki neza mbere na nyuma y'urugendo rwawe. Kandi usige masike yubuvuzi na gants kubashinzwe ubuvuzi - dukeneye ko bita kubarwayi. Komeza intera y'abandi mugihe uhaha - kandi wibuke ko kubika ibikoresho bigira ingaruka mbi kubandi rero gura ibyo ukeneye hanyuma usige bimwe kubandi. Kuramo amafunguro nibiryo birashobora guteza akaga kuruta gukora ibiryo murugo urebye isano iri hagati yabantu bategura ibiryo, batwara ibiryo, nawe. Biragoye kumenya uko ibyo byago bingana, ariko rwose birarenze kubikora murugo. Ariko urashobora kandi ugomba gukomeza gutera inkunga ubucuruzi buciriritse bwaho (cyane cyane resitora nabandi bacuruzi) muriki gihe kitoroshye ugura ibyemezo byimpano kumurongo ushobora gukoresha nyuma.

5. Niba urwaye, wigunge, guma murugo, kandi ubaze inzobere mubuvuzi.

Niba urwaye, ugomba kugerageza kwitandukanya nabandi bagize umuryango wawe aho utuye uko ushoboye. Niba ufite ibibazo bijyanye n’uko wujuje ibisabwa cyangwa ugomba kwipimisha coronavirus, urashobora guhamagara itsinda ry’ibanze ryibanze kandi / cyangwa ugatekereza guhamagara ishami ry’ubuzima rusange rya Massachusetts kuri 617.983.6800 (cyangwa ishami ry’ubuzima rya leta niba uri hanze ya Massachusetts ). Ntukajye mu ivuriro rya ambulatori - hamagara mbere kugirango baguhe inama nziza - zishobora kuba ukujya mu kigo cyipimisha ibinyabiziga cyangwa gusurwa kuri videwo cyangwa terefone. Birumvikana, niba ari guhamagara byihutirwa 911.

Ndatahura ko hari byinshi byubatswe muri ibi bitekerezo, kandi ko byerekana umutwaro nyawo kubantu benshi, imiryango, ubucuruzi, nabaturage. Gutandukanya imibereho biragoye kandi birashobora kugira ingaruka mbi kubantu benshi, cyane cyane abahura nintege nke muri societe yacu. Nzi ko hari ubusumbane bwimiterere nimbonezamubano byubatswe mubyifuzo byerekeranye n'imibereho. Turashobora kandi tugomba gufata ingamba zo gushimangira abaturage bacu bahura n’ibura ry’ibiribwa, ihohoterwa rikorerwa mu ngo, n’ibibazo by’imiturire, hamwe n’ibindi bibazo byinshi by’imibereho.

Nzi kandi ko abantu bose badashobora gukora byose. Ariko tugomba kugerageza ibyiza byuzuye nkumuryango, guhera uyu munsi. Gutezimbere intera mbonezamubano, nubwo byumunsi umwe, birashobora guhindura byinshi .

Dufite amahirwe yambere yo kurokora ubuzima binyuze mubikorwa dukora ubungubu tutazagira mubyumweru bike. Ni ngombwa kubuzima rusange. Ninshingano zacu nkumuryango gukora mugihe tugifite amahitamo kandi mugihe ibikorwa byacu bishobora kugira ingaruka zikomeye.

Ntidushobora gutegereza.

Asaf Bitton, MD, MPH, ni umuyobozi mukuru wa Ariadne Labs i Boston, MA.

Kuramo PDF ishobora gusohoka muriyi ngingo


Urashaka kuvugurura ibisobanuro? Soma kandi utange umusanzu kode yinkomoko . Igishushanyo kiva kuri opendoodles

Kuki uru rubuga? Nabanje gushaka gusangira ingingo yumwimerere nabaturanyi bacu mubufaransa. Ariko nzi ko batasomye icyongereza, kandi ko nashakaga gutanga umusanzu mubikorwa byo kwitarura abantu, nakoze uru rubuga.

Uru rubuga rukoresha Google Translate kugirango ibikubiyemo bigere ku ndimi 109+.

Urubuga rusa: https://staythefuckhome.com/ .